Acne is a skin condition, affecting up to 85% of people at some point in their lives. It causes spots and pimples especially on the face, back, neck, chest, and upper arms.
It commonly occurs at the stage of puberty between the age of 12 to 24 when our body is adopting various changes. It is not dangerous but it may leave some scars.
In America, it is affecting more than 85 million people per year.
Symptoms of acne
- Pimples with pus at their tips
- Small red bumps
- Large painful, pus-filled lumps(cystic acne)
Cause of Acne
Human skin has pores that are connected with oil glands through follicles to our skin. Follicles are the sacs that produce liquid in our body.
These oil glands produce a liquid called sebum, which carries the dead skin cells to the surface of the skin through follicles.
Pimple grows when these follicles get blocked and oil sum up under the skin.
Propionibacterium acne is the name of the bacteria which is the reason behind the pimple, which contributes to the growth of the pimple. This bacteria remains in our body.
Hormonal changes or adolescence also contribute to acne as when adolescence begins there is a hormone known as androgen begins to rise, increase in the level of androgen hormone leads to the growth of oil glands under the skin which results in the production of more sebum, which ultimately grows the bacteria which cause acne.
Eating greasy food has no effect on acne. Though working in a greasy area like the kitchen does because the oil may stick to the skin which blocks the hair follicles, which disturbs the skin and cause the acne.
Cosmetics that do not contain oil(noncomedogenic) cannot worsen the acne as they are free from oil which does not block pores. Remove makeup on a daily basis.
Acne is not caused by dirty skin respectively rubbing the skin too harshly or cleaning with chemicals causes acne.
Prevention Of Acne
- Washing face twice a day with a non-oily product.
- Using over-the-counter acne cream to discharge oil from the skin.
- Removing makeup every day before going to bed.
- Avoid oily makeup or go for noncomedogenic makeup.
- Wash your hands properly before using any cream or lotion.
- Avoid tight hairbands.
- Shower after exercise.
- Keep your hairs clean, as it collects sebum.
- Eating a healthy diet which contains a minimal amount of refined sugar.
Treatment Of Acne
Treatment depends on the type of acne one have.
A person having mild acne can go for over-the-counter(OTC) medication, such as creams, lotions, soaps, gel, etc.
An alcohol-based gel is better for oily skin as it dries the skin, whereas, the creams and lotions are best for a person having sensitive skin.
Persons having severe acne need to consult with their respective skin doctor or dermatologist, they prescribe you the gel, cream, or lotion the same as OTC medication but stronger than them or an oral antibiotic.
Acne is a common problem, it may cause severe embarrassment but its treatment is available and is effective in many cases.
Stay happy and stay safe and do not take any stress, the solution to every problem is out there.